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COVID-19 leaves a legacy of rising poverty and widening inequality

World Bank Sanchez-Paramo, C., Hill, R., Mahler, D., Narayan, A., Yonzan, N. 2021-10-7
Article on the global economy bouncing back from the economic ravages of the coronavirus pandemic, with growth of 5.6 percent expected for 2021. But this recovery is not being experienced equally. Poorer countries are contending with a deeper, longer-lasting crisis that has increased global poverty and is reversing recent trends of shrinking inequality. The result is that the impact of the COVID-19 is largest for the world’s poorest. In 2021, the average incomes of people in the bottom 40 % of the global income distribution are 6.7 % lower than pre-pandemic projections, while those of people in the top 40 percent are down 2.8 %. The reason for this large difference: The poorest 40 % have not started to recover their income losses, while the top 40 % has recovered more than 45 % of their initial income losses. Between 2019 and 2021, the average income of the bottom 40 percent fell by 2.2 percent, while the average income of the top 40 % fell by 0.5 %.
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Education
  • Gender and/or Agency
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Africa
  • Caribbean
  • Global
  • Latin America
  • Senegal
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • West Africa
  • Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Adolescents (boys and/or girls 10-19 years old)
  • Adult women
  • Adults (men and/or women 19+ years old)
  • Country-level population(s)
  • Women (adults and/or adolescents)
  • Research
  • Article

Highlighted Sources

Child food poverty: A nutrition crisis in early childhood

  • Research
  • Journal article
  • Report
  • Economic
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Ukraine War
2022-10-01
Report on the crisis of child food poverty – a state where young children are not fed the bare minimum number of food groups they need in early childhood. It presents data to illustrate how many children are experiencing food poverty, how many children are living in severe food poverty, what their diets look like, where they live – including in which households, communities and countries – and how these metrics have changed over time. The full report is available View Source

Micronutrient deficiencies among preschool-aged children and women of reproductive age worldwide: A pooled analysis of individual-level data from population-representatives

  • Research
  • Article
  • Journal article
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-11-1
Article on the global and regional prevalence of deficiency in at least one of three micronutrients among preschool-aged children (aged 6-59 months) and non-pregnant women of reproductive age (aged 15-49 years). In this pooled analysis individual-level biomarker data for micronutrient status from nationally representative, population-based surveys was analyzed. Bayesian hierarchical logistic regression was used to estimate the prevalence of deficiency in at least one of three micronutrients for preschool-aged children (iron, zinc, and vitamin A) and for non-pregnant women of reproductive age (iron, zinc, and folate), globally and in seven regions using 24 nationally representative surveys done between 2003 and 2019. View Source

Assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region: Lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crisis response

  • Policy
  • Research
  • Brief
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-7
Report on assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region to obtain lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crises response. It lays out a series of studies undertaken by WFP and partners to better understand the realities of the food security and nutrition landscape since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the region. These are based on experiences throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, where WFP has continually assessed household vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity through monitoring surveys, while simultaneously providing technical assistance and operations support for programs in response to the pandemic in the Asia Pacific region. In addition to WFP’s food security monitoring reports and data made available from WFP’s Fill the Nutrient Gap analyses, this brief utilizes secondary data relevant to the crisis, as well as four documents recently published by WFP and its partners. While the focus of this brief is on the COVID-19 crisis, its lessons can be applied now and into the future. Other types of covariate shocks will create compounding problems for countries. View Source