Social Science & Medicine
Kalbarczyk, A., Aberman, N., van Asperen, B., Morgan, R., Bhutta, Z., Carducci, B., Heidkamp, R., Osendarp, S., Kumar, N., Lartey, A., Malapit, H., Quisumbing, A., Fabrizio, C.
Article on a gender focused analysis on five critical and interwoven crises that have emerged because of the COVID-19 crisis and exacerbated malnutrition and food insecurity. These include restricted mobility and isolation; reduced income; food insecurity; reduced access to essential health and nutrition services; and school closures. The approach included a theoretical gender analysis, targeted review of the literature, and a visual mapping of evidence-informed impact pathways. As data was identified to support the visualization of pathways, additions were made to codify the complex interrelations between the COVID-19 related crises and underlying gender relations. The analysis and resultant evidence map illustrate how underlying inequitable norms such as gendered unprotected jobs, reduced access to economic resources, decreased decision-making power, and unequal gendered division of labor, were exacerbated by the pandemic's secondary containment efforts. Health and nutrition policies and interventions targeted to women and children fail to recognize and account for understanding and documentation of underlying gender norms, roles, and relations which may deter successful outcomes. Analyzing the indirect effects of COVID-19 on women and girls offers a useful illustration of how underlying gender inequities can exacerbate health and nutrition outcomes in a crisis. This evidence-informed approach can be used to identify and advocate for more comprehensive upstream policies and programs that address underlying gender inequities.
- COVID-19 Pandemic
- Food Insecurity
- Gender and/or Agency
- Women and/or Girls
- Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
- Adult women
- Adults (men and/or women 19+ years old)
- Children (boys and/or girls 1-10 years old)
- Girls (Child 1-10 years)
- Women (adults and/or adolescents)
- Journal article