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COVID-19 pandemic leads to greater depth of unaffordability of healthy and nutrient-adequate diets in low-and middle-income countries

Nature Food Laborde, D., Herforth, H., Headey, D., De Pee, S. 2021-07-19
Article on the unaffordability of healthy diets pre- and post-COVID-19 Pandemic. Pre-COVID-19 pandemic, unaffordability of diets affected 3 million people of whom 2.5 billion lived in 63 low- and middle-income countries. In these countries, income losses due to the pandemic markedly worsened the affordability gap. The proportion of people unable to afford half the cost of a healthy diet increased from 43% to 50%; this increased unaffordability aggravated undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies, and diet-related non-communicable diseases. The article also provides estimates of the number of people (millions) in 2020 (with COVID-19 pandemic), 2021 and 2022, compared with the 2020 no-COVID-19 counterfactual, who would be unable to afford a healthy diet for pessimistic, moderate, and optimistic economic disruption scenarios, and projections of the change in per-capita consumption of various foods in 2020, 2021, and 2022 relative to a no-COVID-19 consumption trajectory.
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Africa
  • Albania
  • Armenia
  • Asia
  • Bangladesh
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Comoros
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Djibouti
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt (Arab Republic)
  • Eswatini (Swaziland)
  • Ethiopia
  • Gambia, The
  • Ghana
  • Global
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Macedonia (Republic of North)
  • Malawi
  • Mali
  • Mauritius
  • Mongolia
  • Mozambique
  • Namibia
  • Nepal
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • Pakistan
  • Panama
  • Peru
  • Romania
  • Rwanda
  • Saint Lucia
  • Senegal
  • Sierra Leone
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Suriname
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Togo
  • Uganda
  • Vietnam
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Country-level population(s)
  • Households
  • Research
  • Article
  • Scientific Publication/Journal article

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Act now before Ukraine war plunges millions into malnutrition

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  • Policy
  • Research
  • Policy Guidance Document
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  • COVID-19 Pandemic
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2022-4-21
Article on the impact of the Ukraine war on global malnutrition, laying out the elements contributing to this worldwide nutrition crisis including the disproportionate effects on women and children. It puts forward five urgent actions to be taken by governments, donors, and others to protect current and future generations from the devastating effects of malnutrition as well as to prevent acute food insecurity. View Source

Economic shocks predict increases in child wasting prevalence

  • Research
  • Article
  • Scientific Publication/Journal article
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
2022-04-20
Article on the impact of severe negative economic shock on child acute malnutrition (wasting), a major risk factor for under-5 mortality. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) macroeconomic volatility is common, and severe negative economic shocks can substantially increase poverty and food insecurity. Less well understood are the implications of these contractions for child wasting. This study explores the nutritional impacts of economic growth shocks over 1990–2018 by linking wasting outcomes collected for 1.256 million children from 52 countries to lagged annual changes in economic growth. Estimates suggest that a 10% annual decline in national income increases moderate/severe wasting prevalence by 14.4–17.8%. An exploration of possible mechanisms suggests negative economic shocks may increase risks of inadequate dietary diversity among children. Applying these results to the latest economic growth estimates for 2020 suggests that COVID-19 could put an additional 9.4 million preschoolers at risk of wasting, net of the effects of preventative policy actions. View Source

Assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region: Lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crisis response

  • Policy
  • Research
  • Brief
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-7
Report on assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region to obtain lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crises response. It lays out a series of studies undertaken by WFP and partners to better understand the realities of the food security and nutrition landscape since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the region. These are based on experiences throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, where WFP has continually assessed household vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity through monitoring surveys, while simultaneously providing technical assistance and operations support for programs in response to the pandemic in the Asia Pacific region. In addition to WFP’s food security monitoring reports and data made available from WFP’s Fill the Nutrient Gap analyses, this brief utilizes secondary data relevant to the crisis, as well as four documents recently published by WFP and its partners. While the focus of this brief is on the COVID-19 crisis, its lessons can be applied now and into the future. Other types of covariate shocks will create compounding problems for countries. View Source