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Impacts of a national lockdown on smallholder farmers’ income and food security: Empirical evidence from two states in India

World development Ceballos, F., Kannan, S., Kramer, B., 2020-12-1
Article on data from phone-based surveys on disruptions to agricultural production and food security, administered with 1515 smallholder producers in the states of Haryana and Odisha in India. Substantial heterogeneity in how the lockdown affected farmers in these two states, which is likely related to existing structural differences in market infrastructure and to differences in state-specific COVID-related policies. In Odisha, where mechanization is limited, farmers spent more on labor to harvest their crops, and distress selling was more prevalent due to the absence of a well-functioning procurement system for their crops. In Haryana, preexisting market infrastructure allowed the state to sustain procurement at stable prices, limiting impacts on smallholder production.
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Restricted Mobility
  • Asia
  • India
  • South Asia
  • Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Country-level population(s)
  • Research
  • Article
  • Journal article

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