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COVID-19 and Nutrition Analytical Framework: Multi-sectoral impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on nutrition outcomes: An analytical framework

UNICEF, USAID, USAID Advancing Nutrition, WHO UNICEF, USAID Advancing Nutrition, USAID, WHO
Report on the multisectoral analytical framework by WHO, UNICEF, and USAID which lays out the multisectoral impacts of COVID-19 and nutrition by grouping various factors relevant to the intersection between COVID-19 pandemic and nutrition into different categories and sub-categories. The five overarching categories are enabling determinants, underlying determinants, immediate determinants, outcomes, and impact. Each of the three categories of determinants has a different sub-category of critical factors: context, system and behavioural and nutritional status. Enabling determinants are the environmental context, the COVID pandemic, governance, resource, and socio-cultural context. Underlying determinants include the food, health, social protection, education, and water and sanitation systems. The immediate determinants comprise breastfeeding practices, mother infant dyad, food handling, physical activity, dietary intake, food security, maternal nutrition, nutrient absorption, mental wellbeing, and the immune system. The outcomes are breastfeeding, stunting, wasting, low birthweight, anemia, and overweight. Eventually, the impact is mortality, morbidity, and human capital. The report gives examples of impact pathways for all six outcomes. The framework recognizes the overall environmental context and the wide-ranging effects of COVID-19 pandemic. The framework also acknowledges the cross-cutting causes and consequences of deepening inequality on the intersection of COVID-19 and nutrition. The straightforward structure and content of the analytical framework makes it a powerful and adaptable tool for users interested in exploring the linkages between the COVID-19 pandemic and nutrition, with broad applicability in different contexts. It provides policymakers and programme staff with the ability to identify and understand the many different pathways and scenarios where COVID-19 and nutrition intersect. Its versatility and flexibility also enable planners and evaluators to assess and adapt existing policies and programmes as well as consider future options and opportunities. A parallel component of this work is the ability of modellers to explore the implications of different decisions, actions and/or factors on the overall framework and/or specific pathways or scenarios. In addition, data experts can use the framework to identify where meaningful data exist and where they need to be collected and analysed to improve decision-making and programme implementation.The ultimate value of the framework is its ability to provide a systemic but flexible approach to frame and manage future pandemics and shocks by learning how countries – individually and collectively – responded to the multiple crises linked to the COVID-19 pandemic and nutrition.
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Education
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Global
  • High-Income Countries (HICs)
  • Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Adults (men and/or women 19+ years old)
  • Children (boys and/or girls 1-10 years old)
  • Children <5 years old
  • Community/ies
  • Households
  • Mothers
  • Pregnant Women and/or Girls
  • Women (adults and/or adolescents)
  • Advocacy
  • Implementation
  • Policy
  • Research
  • Advocacy Tool
  • Implementation Guidance Document
  • Implementation Tool
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Report

Highlighted Sources

Protect the Promise: 2022 progress report on the every woman every child global strategy for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health (2016–2030)

  • Advocacy
  • Research
  • Article
  • Brief
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Education
  • Food Insecurity
  • Gender and/or Agency
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-10-18
Article on a UN report which showed that women’s and children’s health has suffered globally, as the impacts of conflict, the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change converge with devastating effects on prospects for children, young people, and women. Data presented in the report show a critical regression across virtually every major measure of childhood wellbeing, and many key indicators of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Since the last Every Woman Every Child Progress Report published in 2020, food insecurity, hunger, child marriage, risks from intimate partner violence, and adolescent depression and anxiety have all increased. Advocacy brief and full report available. View Source

Poverty and shared prosperity 2022

  • Research
  • Report
  • Climate Shocks
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Education
  • Health
  • Other Crises
  • Ukraine War
2022-11-15
Report on the first comprehensive look at global poverty in the aftermath of an extraordinary series of shocks to the global economy. The COVID pandemic increased the global extreme poverty rate to an estimated 9.3% in 2020—up from 8.4% in 2019. This indicates that more than 70 million people were pushed into extreme poverty by the end of 2020, increasing the global total to over 700 million. 2020 marked a historic turning point. The world’s poorest people bore the steepest costs of the pandemic. Incomes in the poorest countries fell much more than incomes in rich countries. As a result, the income losses of the world’s poorest were twice as high as the world’s richest, and global inequality rose for the first time in decades. The poorest also suffered disproportionately in many other areas that directly affect their well-being. For example, they faced large setbacks in health and education, with devastating consequences, including premature mortality and pronounced learning losses. This report offers new analysis on how fiscal policy was used during the first year of the pandemic. It also sheds light on the impact of taxes, transfers, and subsidies on poverty and inequality in 94 countries before 2020, providing important new insights into the impacts of fiscal policy—not only during crises but also during normal conditions. View Source

Assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region: Lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crisis response

  • Policy
  • Research
  • Brief
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-7
Report on assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region to obtain lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crises response. It lays out a series of studies undertaken by WFP and partners to better understand the realities of the food security and nutrition landscape since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the region. These are based on experiences throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, where WFP has continually assessed household vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity through monitoring surveys, while simultaneously providing technical assistance and operations support for programs in response to the pandemic in the Asia Pacific region. In addition to WFP’s food security monitoring reports and data made available from WFP’s Fill the Nutrient Gap analyses, this brief utilizes secondary data relevant to the crisis, as well as four documents recently published by WFP and its partners. While the focus of this brief is on the COVID-19 crisis, its lessons can be applied now and into the future. Other types of covariate shocks will create compounding problems for countries. View Source