Back to search

Nutritional change and economic crisis in an urban Congolese community

International Journal of Epidemiology Cornu, A., Massamba, J., Traissac, P., Simondon, F., Villeneuve, P., Delpeuch, F. 1995-02-01
Article on a study whose objectives were to assess the evolution of nutritional status of an urban community between 1986 and 1991 and to identify specific groups for which the nutritional status may have worsened. Two cross-sectional surveys were carried out on representative samples of Brazzaville children < 6 years old: 2,295 children were surveyed in 1986 and 2,373 in 1991. Anthropometric assessment of nutritional status was performed. For children, weight-for-height and height-for-age indices were used according to WHO recommendations. Wasting and stunting were respectively defined as indices under -2 z-scores. Body mass index (BMI) of mothers was calculated and risk of chronic energy deficiency (CED) was defined as < 18.5 kg/m2. Socioeconomic data relative to the households were also collected. Multivariate statistical methods were used to obtain adjusted estimates of nutritional changes in the community. Data analysis led to several converging results: increase in the percentage of low birthweight (10.2% in 1985 vs 18.7% in 1990), increase in the percentage of CED (from 7.9% to 10.5%), and increase in the prevalence of wasting (from 2.9% to 4.2%). By contrast, the overall prevalence of stunting decreased from 13.9% to 11.0%. After statistical adjustment, the factors found to influence the evolution of anthropometric status were: age of child, age of mother, schooling of mother and household characteristics such as number of preschool children, economic level, and head of household's occupation. The study enabled the negative effects of the economic crisis to be quantified. BMI was shown to be sensitive to economic changes. It could be recommended as a possible indicator for monitoring the nutritional status at population level. The results also called for a new impetus in preventive health programmes and the implementation of nutritional surveillance activities.
  • Economic
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Women and/or Girls
  • Africa
  • Central Africa
  • Congo (Republic of the)
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Children (boys and/or girls 1-10 years old)
  • Children <5 years old
  • Community/ies
  • Mothers
  • Pregnant Women and/or Girls
  • Women (adults and/or adolescents)
  • Research
  • Article
  • Case study
  • Scientific Publication/Journal article

Highlighted Sources

Act now before Ukraine war plunges millions into malnutrition

  • Advocacy
  • Policy
  • Research
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Scientific Publication/Journal article
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Education
  • Food Insecurity
  • Gender and/or Agency
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-4-21
Article on the impact of the Ukraine war on global malnutrition, laying out the elements contributing to this worldwide nutrition crisis including the disproportionate effects on women and children. It puts forward five urgent actions to be taken by governments, donors, and others to protect current and future generations from the devastating effects of malnutrition as well as to prevent acute food insecurity. View Source

Economic shocks predict increases in child wasting prevalence

  • Research
  • Article
  • Scientific Publication/Journal article
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
2022-04-20
Article on the impact of severe negative economic shock on child acute malnutrition (wasting), a major risk factor for under-5 mortality. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) macroeconomic volatility is common, and severe negative economic shocks can substantially increase poverty and food insecurity. Less well understood are the implications of these contractions for child wasting. This study explores the nutritional impacts of economic growth shocks over 1990–2018 by linking wasting outcomes collected for 1.256 million children from 52 countries to lagged annual changes in economic growth. Estimates suggest that a 10% annual decline in national income increases moderate/severe wasting prevalence by 14.4–17.8%. An exploration of possible mechanisms suggests negative economic shocks may increase risks of inadequate dietary diversity among children. Applying these results to the latest economic growth estimates for 2020 suggests that COVID-19 could put an additional 9.4 million preschoolers at risk of wasting, net of the effects of preventative policy actions. View Source

Assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region: Lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crisis response

  • Policy
  • Research
  • Brief
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-7
Report on assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region to obtain lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crises response. It lays out a series of studies undertaken by WFP and partners to better understand the realities of the food security and nutrition landscape since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the region. These are based on experiences throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, where WFP has continually assessed household vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity through monitoring surveys, while simultaneously providing technical assistance and operations support for programs in response to the pandemic in the Asia Pacific region. In addition to WFP’s food security monitoring reports and data made available from WFP’s Fill the Nutrient Gap analyses, this brief utilizes secondary data relevant to the crisis, as well as four documents recently published by WFP and its partners. While the focus of this brief is on the COVID-19 crisis, its lessons can be applied now and into the future. Other types of covariate shocks will create compounding problems for countries. View Source