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Social protection and jobs responses to COVID-19: A real-time review of country measures

World Bank Gentilini, U., Almenfi, M., Iyengar, H. T., Okamura, Y., Downes, J. A., Dale, P., Weber, M., Newhouse, D., Rodriguez Alas, C., Kamran, M., Mujica, I. V., Fontenez, M. B., Ezzat, M., Asieduah, S., Mahboobani Martinez, V. R., Reyes Hartley, G. J., Demarco, G., Abels, M., Zafar, U., Urteaga, E. R., Valleriani, G., Muhindo, J. V., Aziz, S. 2022-2-2
'Living paper' Report on social protection and jobs responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, providing a real-time review of country measures. As of January 2022, a total of 3,856 social protection and labor measures were planned or implemented by 223 economies. This constitutes a net increase of 523 measures, or 15.6 percent since the last update in May 2021. While noteworthy, such increase is the lowest among net additions observed over previous semesters. In fact, the global pace of measures’ introduction over January 2020-January 2022 has been slowing down. This report focuses on the real-time review of country measures in terms of social protection and job responses to Coronavirus (COVID-19).
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Education
  • Food Insecurity
  • Gender and/or Agency
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Women and/or Girls
  • Afghanistan
  • Africa
  • Albania
  • Algeria
  • American Samoa
  • Andorra
  • Angola
  • Anguilla (UK)
  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Argentina
  • Armenia
  • Aruba
  • Asia
  • Australasia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Azerbaijan
  • Bahamas
  • Bahrain
  • Bangladesh
  • Barbados
  • Belarus
  • Belgium
  • Belize
  • Benin
  • Bermuda
  • Bhutan
  • Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Botswana
  • Brazil
  • British Virgin Islands
  • Brunei Darussalam
  • Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso
  • Burundi
  • Cabo Verde
  • Cambodia
  • Cameroon
  • Canada
  • Caribbean
  • Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius, Saba)
  • Cayman Islands
  • Central Africa
  • Central African Republic
  • Central America
  • Central Asia
  • Chad
  • Chile
  • China
  • Colombia
  • Comoros
  • Congo (Republic of the)
  • Congo-Kinshasa (Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC))
  • Cook Islands
  • Costa Rica
  • Côte d'Ivoire
  • Croatia
  • Cuba
  • Curaçao
  • Cyprus
  • Czechia (Czech Republic)
  • Denmark
  • Djibouti
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • East Africa
  • East Asia
  • Ecuador
  • Egypt (Arab Republic)
  • El Salvador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Eritrea
  • Estonia
  • Eswatini (Swaziland)
  • Ethiopia
  • Europe
  • Faroe Islands
  • Fiji
  • Finland
  • France
  • French Polynesia
  • Gabon
  • Gambia, The
  • Georgia
  • Germany
  • Ghana
  • Gibraltar
  • Global
  • Greece
  • Greenland
  • Grenada
  • Guam
  • Guatemala
  • Guernsey
  • Guinea
  • Guinea-Bissau
  • Guyana
  • Haiti
  • Honduras
  • Hong Kong
  • Horn of Africa
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iran (Islamic Republic)
  • Iraq
  • Ireland
  • Isle of Man
  • Israel
  • Italy
  • Jamaica
  • Japan
  • Jersey
  • Jordan
  • Kazakhstan
  • Kenya
  • Kiribati
  • Kosovo
  • Kuwait
  • Kyrgyzstan (Kyrgyz Republic)
  • Lao (People's Democratic Republic (PDR))
  • Latin America
  • Latvia
  • Lebanon
  • Lesotho
  • Liberia
  • Libya
  • Liechtenstein
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Macao SAR, China
  • Macedonia (Republic of North)
  • Madagascar
  • Malawi
  • Malaysia
  • Maldives
  • Mali
  • Malta
  • Marshall Islands
  • Mauritania
  • Mauritius
  • Melanesia
  • Mexico
  • Micronesia
  • Micronesia (Federated States of)
  • Middle East
  • Moldova
  • Moldova (Republic of)
  • Monaco
  • Mongolia
  • Montenegro
  • Montserrat (UK)
  • Morocco
  • Mozambique
  • Myanmar
  • Namibia
  • Nauru
  • Nepal
  • Netherlands
  • New Caledonia
  • New Zealand
  • Nicaragua
  • Niger
  • Nigeria
  • North Africa
  • North America
  • Northern Mariana Islands
  • Norway
  • Oceania
  • Oman
  • Pacific Islands
  • Pakistan
  • Palau
  • Palestine (West Bank and Gaza)
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Paraguay
  • Peru
  • Philippines
  • Poland
  • Polynesia
  • Portugal
  • Puerto Rico
  • Qatar
  • Réunion (France)
  • Romania
  • Russia (Russian Federation)
  • Rwanda
  • Sahel
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis
  • Saint Lucia
  • Saint Martin (French Part)
  • Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France)
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Samoa
  • San Marino
  • São Tomé and Principe
  • Saudi Arabia
  • Senegal
  • Serbia
  • Seychelles
  • Sierra Leone
  • Singapore
  • Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
  • Slovakia (The Slovak Republic)
  • Slovenia
  • Solomon Islands
  • Somalia
  • South America
  • South Asia
  • South Korea (Republic of Korea)
  • South Sudan
  • Southeast Africa
  • Southeast Asia
  • Southern Africa
  • Spain
  • Sri Lanka
  • Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Sudan
  • Suriname
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • Syria (Syrian Arab Republic)
  • Taiwan SAR, China
  • Tajikistan
  • Tanzania (United Republic of)
  • Thailand
  • Timor-Leste
  • Togo
  • Tonga
  • Trinidad & Tobago
  • Tunisia
  • Turkey/Türkiye
  • Turkmenistan
  • Turks and Caicos Islands
  • Tuvalu
  • Uganda
  • Ukraine
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • United States of America
  • Uruguay
  • Uzbekistan
  • Vanuatu
  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
  • Vietnam
  • Virgin Islands (US)
  • West Africa
  • West Asia
  • Yemen
  • Zambia
  • Zimbabwe
  • High-Income Countries (HICs)
  • Low- and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs)
  • Adolescents (boys and/or girls 10-19 years old)
  • Adults (men and/or women 19+ years old)
  • Boys (adolescents and/or children)
  • Children (boys and/or girls 1-10 years old)
  • Children <5 years old
  • Community/ies
  • Country-level population(s)
  • Elderly
  • Girls (adolescents and/or children)
  • Households
  • Lactating women and/or girls
  • Men (adults and/or adolescents)
  • Mothers
  • Pregnant Women and/or Girls
  • Refugees and/or displaced individuals
  • Women (adults and/or adolescents)
  • Research
  • Report

Highlighted Sources

Protect the Promise: 2022 progress report on the every woman every child global strategy for women’s, children’s and adolescents’ health (2016–2030)

  • Advocacy
  • Research
  • Article
  • Brief
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Education
  • Food Insecurity
  • Gender and/or Agency
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-10-18
Article on a UN report which showed that women’s and children’s health has suffered globally, as the impacts of conflict, the COVID-19 pandemic and climate change converge with devastating effects on prospects for children, young people, and women. Data presented in the report show a critical regression across virtually every major measure of childhood wellbeing, and many key indicators of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Since the last Every Woman Every Child Progress Report published in 2020, food insecurity, hunger, child marriage, risks from intimate partner violence, and adolescent depression and anxiety have all increased. Advocacy brief and full report available. View Source

Poverty and shared prosperity 2022

  • Research
  • Report
  • Climate Shocks
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Education
  • Health
  • Other Crises
  • Ukraine War
2022-11-15
Report on the first comprehensive look at global poverty in the aftermath of an extraordinary series of shocks to the global economy. The COVID pandemic increased the global extreme poverty rate to an estimated 9.3% in 2020—up from 8.4% in 2019. This indicates that more than 70 million people were pushed into extreme poverty by the end of 2020, increasing the global total to over 700 million. 2020 marked a historic turning point. The world’s poorest people bore the steepest costs of the pandemic. Incomes in the poorest countries fell much more than incomes in rich countries. As a result, the income losses of the world’s poorest were twice as high as the world’s richest, and global inequality rose for the first time in decades. The poorest also suffered disproportionately in many other areas that directly affect their well-being. For example, they faced large setbacks in health and education, with devastating consequences, including premature mortality and pronounced learning losses. This report offers new analysis on how fiscal policy was used during the first year of the pandemic. It also sheds light on the impact of taxes, transfers, and subsidies on poverty and inequality in 94 countries before 2020, providing important new insights into the impacts of fiscal policy—not only during crises but also during normal conditions. View Source

Assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region: Lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crisis response

  • Policy
  • Research
  • Brief
  • Policy Guidance Document
  • Report
  • COVID-19 Pandemic
  • Economic
  • Food Insecurity
  • Health
  • Nutrition
  • Other Crises
  • Social Support and Protection
  • Ukraine War
  • Women and/or Girls
2022-7
Report on assessing and mitigating the impact of shocks on food security and nutrition in the Asia Pacific region to obtain lessons from the COVID-19 response for informing the Global Food Crises response. It lays out a series of studies undertaken by WFP and partners to better understand the realities of the food security and nutrition landscape since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in the region. These are based on experiences throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, where WFP has continually assessed household vulnerability to food and nutrition insecurity through monitoring surveys, while simultaneously providing technical assistance and operations support for programs in response to the pandemic in the Asia Pacific region. In addition to WFP’s food security monitoring reports and data made available from WFP’s Fill the Nutrient Gap analyses, this brief utilizes secondary data relevant to the crisis, as well as four documents recently published by WFP and its partners. While the focus of this brief is on the COVID-19 crisis, its lessons can be applied now and into the future. Other types of covariate shocks will create compounding problems for countries. View Source